National Observatory of Athens (NOA)



Department carrying out activities: Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development

The National Observatory of Athens (NOA) is the oldest public research center in Greece (founded in 1842), supervised by the General Secretariat of Research and Technology (GSRT). The Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development (IERSD) is one of the three Institutes of NOA that brings dedicated research skills in the observation of the environment as a whole, under four thematic pillars: i. Atmospheric Environment, ii. Meteorology and Hydrology, iii. Climate and Climate Change, iv. Energy. The main task and the basic activities of the Institute include the collection and processing of various meteorological, air quality, and other environmental data, research, participation in National, European, and International scientific projects, training and providing services to third bodies. The Institute through research aims to enhance its efforts in providing services and support to the State, the private sector and the public, employing its equipment, knowledge, research results, and data, either collected or produced.




Dr. Giannakopoulos is Research Director at the National Observatory of Athens (NOA). His research focuses on climate change modeling of extremes and impacts on various sectors such as energy demand, health, agriculture, tourism, forest fires. He was a lead author of UNEP’s IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) 4th Assessment Report (2007) on Climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. IPCC was honored with the Nobel peace prize in 2007. He is NOA’s Principal Investigator in several major climate change related EU projects, such as LIFE ADAPT2CLIMA, LIFE URBANPROOF, LIFE TERRACESCAPE, H2020 MED-GOLD, H2020 SOCLIMPACT, and COPERNICUS Climate Change Service for Tourism. He also has experience in the field of global chemical transport models and has participated in the World Climate Research Program. He is Member of the Climate Change Impacts Study Committee formed by the Bank of Greece ( to study the environmental, economic and social consequences of climate change in Greece and has co-authored the national adaptation strategy for Greece. He is the IPCC National Focal point since 2018 as well as representative of the Mission on Adaptation Sub-Group of the Horizon Europe Shadow Program Committee since 2019.He is the author of over 80 peer-reviewed papers and over 90 publications in conference proceedings.



Anna Karali holds a BSc in Physics (University of Crete-Greece,2007) and an MSc in Environmental Physics and Meteorology (NKUA-Greece, 2010). She is currently a PhD student at the Department of Geology and Geoenvironment of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in Greece. Her thesis focuses on the simulation and assessment of potential fire risk in global and regional scale in the framework of climate change. Since 2010, she has been working as a research fellow at the IERSD-NOA, participating in several EU funded projects focus on climate change impacts and adaptation in sectors such as forest fires (e.g. FP7 CLIMRUN,C3S European Tourism), agriculture (e.g. LIFE ADAPT2CLIMA) and the urban environment (e.g. LIFE UrbanProof, DG ECHO Treasure). 



Maria Hatzaki is Assistant Professor at the Department of Geology and Geoenvironment of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA). Her research focuses on climate and climate variability, on current and future climate trends and extremes, on environmental and societal impacts of climate change, mainly in the Mediterranean region. She participates in several ongoing research projects contributing mainly on the analysis of climate model projections, on the construction of indicators for climate change impacts and on vulnerability and risk assessments. She has worked as postdoctoral researcher at the School of Earth Science of the University of Melbourne, Australia and with the Climate Change Assessments Group of the National Observatory of Athens, with which she has a continuous collaboration. She is the author of over 30 peer-reviewed papers and more than 100 book chapters, conference papers and abstracts.