National Observatory of Athens (NOA)


Department carrying out activities: Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development

The National Observatory of Athens (NOA) is the oldest research centre in Greece. It has been operating since 1846, when the first astronomical and meteorological observations started. NOA is a public entity supervised by the General Secretariat of Research and Technology (GSRT), Ministry of Development.

The Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development (IERSD) is one of the five Institutes of the National Observatory of Athens (NOA). Since 1858, meteorological observations are conducted on a regular basis, thus IERSD holds the oldest meteorological database in Greece.

The main aim of IERSD is the promotion of Environmental Sciences. In particular, IERSD focuses on Meteorology, Climatology and climate change modelling, solar and Wind Energy, Atmospheric Pollution, Physics of Atmospheric Environment, Climate Change impacts and adaptation, Resources Management and Sustainable Development, Human Activities and Impacts on the Environment, Hydrology, and Pollution of Surface and Underground Waters.

The main task and the basic activities of the Institute include the collection and processing of various meteorological, air quality, and other environmental data, research, participation in National, European, and International scientific projects, training and providing services to third bodies. The Institute through research aims to enhance its efforts in providing services and support to the State, the private sector and the public, employing its equipment, knowledge, research results, and data, either collected or produced.





Dr. Giannakopoulos is Research Director at the National Observatory of Athens (NOA). His research focuses on climate change modeling of extremes and impacts on various sectors such as energy demand, health, tourism and forest fires. He was a lead author of UNEP’s IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) 4th Assessment Report (2007) on Climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. He is NOA’s Principal Investigator in several major climate change related EU projects, such as ENSEMBLES (which aims to reduce uncertainty in climate change model projections), DeSurvey (which aims to assess desertification danger across Mediterranean), CIRCE (which aims to provide an assessment of climate change and impacts for the Mediterranean region), CLIMRUN (which aims at developing a protocol for the provision of adequate climate information at regional to local scale), LIFE CYPADAPT (which aims to provide the adaptation strategy to climate change adverse impacts for Cyprus) and LIFE ADAPT2CLIMA (which focuses on adaptation options for Mediterranean islands). He also has experience in the field of global chemical transport models and has participated in the World Climate Research Program for the assessment of large-scale atmospheric model performance. He is Member of the Climate Change Impacts Study Committee formed by the Bank of Greece ( to study the environmental, economic and social consequences of climate change in Greece. He is the author of over 60 peer-reviewed papers and over 80 publications in conference proceedings.